Alan L. Kolata Bernard E. Professor Kolata leads ongoing interdisciplinary research projects studying human-environment interactions over the past years in the Lake Titicaca basin of Bolivia, on the north coast of Peru and most recently in Thailand and Cambodia. Recent research interests include comparative work on agroecological systems, human-environment interactions, the human dimension of global change, agricultural and rural development, and archaeology and ethnohistory, particularly in the Andean region. Ashgate Publishers. Global Governance Series n.
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Only a few years ago there would have been precious little new data Only a few years ago there would have been precious little new data concerning the nature and impact ofTiwanaku in the cultural history of the Andes. Today that situation is changing dramatically.
Although the archaeology of Tiwanaku has been discussed and commented upon continuously since the days of Max Uhle, the number of substantive field projects designed to explore systematically the nature of the Tiwanaku polity is unfavorably disproportionate to the slew of speculation that currently passes for our understanding of that ancient state. It seems that Tiwanaku has been admired, remarked upon, and then subtly, if, at times, unwittingly, dismissed, simply because there was nothing new to say.
However, the past ten years have witnessed a renaissance of interest and of scholarly work on the complex phenomenon that was Tiwanaku.
Fresh, compelling interpretations of the political economy of Tiwanaku are forthcoming and, for the first time in a very long time, these interpretations will be embedded in conceptual frameworks supported by a newly generated corpus of primary field data.
Within the limited scope of this paper, I can only characterize in summary fashion the nature of these new data, and outline, in schematic form, the general contours of these emerging interpretive frameworks. Together this material speaks directly to the theme of this volume: what precisely do horizons and horizon styles signify, and, more specifically, how will our new understanding ofTiwanaku clarify the current puzzling historical processes that seem to underlie the phenomenon we refer to as the Andean Middle Horizon?
Tiwanaku - Texto Alan Kolata y Carlos Ponce Sangines
Para el antiguo mundo antiguo, el lago constitua el centro sagrado de muchos mitos de la creacin. Fue en Tiwanaku, donde el dios creador Viracocha dispuso un nuevo orden social. Las primeras crnicas espapaolas narran que los indgenas aymar llamaban taypi, al frtil eje formado por el lago, la zona fsica y conceptual de convergencia entre los principios de urco asociado con el poniente, el altiplano, la puna, el pastoralismo, lo celestial, y la masculinidad y uma asociado con el oriente, los valles, la humedad, la agricultura, el inframundo y la femineidad. El taypi era la zona de convergencia, a su vez, los principios opuestos del uma y urco se fusionaban y se complementaban.