BEESON AND BISLEY ISSUES IN 21ST CENTURY WORLD POLITICS PDF

Log in Table of Contents About this book The third edition of this popular textbook offers a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to the key questions that will confront anyone interested in world politics for decades to come. Written at the end of US hegemony, in the midst of numerous global crises, and other burgeoning issues and developments, this text provides the necessary foundation to understanding politics on a global level today. This text is a collation of topical chapters, each authored by experts in their own field and written in a clear and balanced manner. The issues which endure, as well as new and unexpected issues, are all covered within this text, with cross-referencing between chapters and to external work.

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Log in Table of Contents About this book The third edition of this popular textbook offers a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to the key questions that will confront anyone interested in world politics for decades to come. Written at the end of US hegemony, in the midst of numerous global crises, and other burgeoning issues and developments, this text provides the necessary foundation to understanding politics on a global level today.

This text is a collation of topical chapters, each authored by experts in their own field and written in a clear and balanced manner. The issues which endure, as well as new and unexpected issues, are all covered within this text, with cross-referencing between chapters and to external work.

New chapters cover the major developments of this era, including the impact of the financial crisis, climate change, the refugee crisis, the rise of China and Russia.

Beeson and Bisely hone this text with their careful editorship. They place this text within the context of the key questions that arise from these issues: to what extent can policy makers cope with fundamental changes to politics, what will the impact of non-state actors be, what can we predict about future world politics, to name a few. This makes the text indispensable to students wishing to understanding contemporary world politics. Being wide-ranging and completely up-to-date, this is the ideal companion for both undergraduates and postgraduate students of Internationals Relations and Politics.

The text has been written in a clear and approachable manner to make it accessible to students unfamiliar with the topic. Table of Contents 1. This edition is no different. Indeed, there is no shortage of things happening in the world at the time of writing early that have potentially major implications for the future of the international system. There is a very real chance that the American electorate could put Donald Trump, a reality TV star with no political experience, into the White House, reinforcing the sense that US political system has serious structural flaws.

This also reflects a broader trend towards insurgent populism across the democratic world, with the election of Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines one of the most notable examples.

Established political processes and practices seem to be unable to deliver, and unpredictable and dangerous politics seems to be the order of the day. Even as China undertakes a brash and confident foreign policy asserting large and destabilizing claims in the South China Sea, its economy faces very significant headwinds.

Mark Beeson, Nick Bisley Chapter 1. Rising Powers and the Return of Geopolitics Abstract On March 18, , Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula, the first coercive transformation of a European border since The Cold War nuclear balance and European institutions appeared to end what had appeared endemic, the use of violent conflict to advance national interests.

Even in the aftermath of the Cold War and the horrors of the Yugoslav conflict, the liberally inclined could comfort themselves that it was ultimately a civil conflict in which a federal state broke apart into its constituent republics. States using military muscle to change the map appeared to have been banished. Some thought that Europe represented proof that laws, institutions and norms, whether those of the European Union EU or the United Nations UN , could fundamentally change the way states behave.

The gloomy realist who insisted that no amount of well-intentioned legalese could change the primacy of power was said to be proven definitively wrong. Some, evidently unaware of the constantly transformative nature of modern social life, thought that history, understood as the struggle of ideas over the optimum way of organizing political and economic affairs, had come to an end e.

Fukuyama Nick Bisley Chapter 2. For many scholars during the s, the demise of the Soviet Union had brought about a new world order in which international politics had taken on a more optimistic shape. Some scholars even expressed the sentiment that war itself had been unlearnt and had passed into history alongside other arcane practices such as duelling and slavery Mueller Thus it appeared the scholarly community was hopeful that peaceful modes of transformations would dominate international relations IR.

However, any idea that war had gone away proved illusory. Throughout the s, civil and ethnic wars proliferated across the globe. Non-traditional Security and World Politics Abstract Worldwide, people witness devastation caused by floods, earthquakes, storms, heatwaves and drought that affected million people across 94 countries in alone IFRC We see infectious disease outbreaks like Ebola in West Africa, which claimed the lives of 8, people in IFRC ; the Fukushima triple disaster that claimed the lives of over 18, people in McCurry ; the piracy attacks off the Horn of Africa peaking in —; the continuing reality of human trafficking; and the impact of the food price crisis of — These crises create widespread political and economic instability in both the developed and developing worlds.

Alistair D. Cook Chapter 4. Global Terrorism Abstract On September 11, , history resumed. A mere 12 years earlier, the rubble of the Berlin wall had seemed to mark a grand historical terminus.

The nature of the global terrorist threat, its historical evolution, contemporary import and prospective significance, form the subjects of this chapter. Andrew Phillips Chapter 5. Abstract Collectively, international organizations IOs are one of the core actors in international relations IR , especially since the dawn of the post-World War II era.

There is not a day that goes by without some IO or another making the nightly news somewhere in the world.

There are by now thousands of IOs seemingly covering every issue and region of the globe, including Antarctica and the oceans — and even outer space. Some are well known and have multi-billion dollar budgets with thousands of staff, such as the United Nations UN , while others are more obscure, but nevertheless provide an important forum for IR, such as the International Seabed Authority.

A key issue for the twenty-first century in relation to IOs is whether any of them are really autonomous from their member states, especially the most powerful ones? Are they at best a forum for member states to interact and negotiate with each other to advance common interests, at worst a tool of the powerful to impose their interests upon the rest?

To put it another way, are there any significant IOs that have been able to move beyond internationalism to become supranational between and above nation-states, respectively in their governance? Can IOs break free from states? Sean Starrs Chapter 6. Globalization and Governance Abstract Of all the issues that will challenge policymakers in the twenty-first century, none is more important than the fate of the state. The state, after all, is at the center of national politics and power, and still remains the most consequential actor in the international system — or some states do, at least.

On the contrary, one of the more important debates in contemporary international relations IR and international political economy IPE is about the capacity of states to manage national affairs at a time of greater international economic integration and political interdependence. Mark Beeson Chapter 7. Regions and Regionalism Abstract This chapter considers the meaning and significance of regions and regionalism and their roles in international politics today.

It does so by first considering how regionalism as a concept has come to be defined and understood, and by exploring its characteristics and contours in European and non-European settings.

The chapter then tracks the major developments in the history and theory of regionalism. It is particularly concerned to illustrate regionalism as a global process, one that is not uniquely associated with any single regional experience.

In that sense it seeks to move beyond a commonly held Eurocentric bias in studies of regionalism and consider regional processes in Latin America, Africa and Asia. In highlighting its contemporary significance it qualifies the notion that regionalism has experienced exponential growth since the end of the Cold War — a point brought sharply into focus by the continuing crisis of the European Union EU. Rather, it argues that regionalism today needs to be understood as part of a complex architecture of multilateralism.

Louise Fawcett Chapter 8. Aidan Hehir Chapter 9. Nationalism and Identity Abstract Nationalism is the primary legitimator of political identities in the modern world. The major forum of humanity — the United Nations UN — is an organization of purported nation-states. Yet in his classic study Eric Hobsbawm declared that nationalism is no longer a global political program and the history of the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century would have to be written in largely supranational and infranational terms.

In the nineteenth century, nationalism was an important historical force in the developed world, combining nation-states with a national economy that formed a building block of the world economy; similarly, national liberation movements after played a progressive function as they were unificatory, internationalist in opposing ethnic tribalism and emancipatory ibid.

In its separatist and populist forms nationalism has regressed to being a politics of identity, expressing a hunger to belong. Its goals of making political and ethnographic boundaries are unrealizable in a world of global economic disruptions and mass migration. It is a symptom of the disorientation produced by such changes, offering no diagnosis, let alone a treatment of problems that can be tackled at a higher level ibid.

John Hutchinson Chapter Climate Change Abstract In late , one of the largest diplomatic meetings in global history concluded in Paris. Over 40, delegates from countries, non-governmental organizations NGOs , international organizations IOs , research institutes, business organizations and many more, had been there to either negotiate an international treaty, to lobby and protest to get that treaty to be better according to some criteria held by the lobbyists or protesters, or to follow and track the negotiations and politics more generally.

But this meeting was about climate change, and was scheduled to produce a treaty that might enable states and other actors to improve a global response that has so far proved highly inadequate. David Gordon, Matthew Paterson Chapter Global Financial Crises Abstract A reality of global politics is that some of its most important features are overshadowed by what, on a dispassionate analysis, are really much less significant issues.

Financial crises, for example, are increasingly frequent and can pose challenges to the established order of global politics. But even though financial volatility seriously affects governments and the lives of billions, it is typically relegated to the business pages by the drama of terrorism or the high politics of trade negotiations, until it bursts forth in a global financial crisis, such as the one that began in , or in dramatic events like the Chinese stock market falls that began in but whose consequences are unclear.

Giulia Mennillo, Timothy J. Sinclair Chapter Over the course of , thousands of Yazidi girls and young women were kidnapped and sold into sex slavery by the Islamic State IS. In , domestic violence rates were on the rise, and women were disproportionately affected by a number of disease outbreaks, migration patterns, and economic setbacks.

Almost everywhere in the world, women are under-represented in the halls of power, and over-represented among the poor, sick, impoverished and undereducated. Laura Sjoberg, Natalia Fontoura Chapter Inequality and Underdevelopment Abstract Global inequality and underdevelopment are particularly contentious issues in contemporary world politics. In essence, they talk to issues which ask the following questions: what is the global North—South divide?

How has it emerged, how is it reproduced, and what can be done about it? This chapter examines these questions, and the last one in particular. Debate over the relationship between globalization, inequality and underdevelopment has been particularly contentious. On the one hand, there are relatively upbeat assessments concerning a shift towards convergence between rich and poor countries in the global economy.

A variant on this argument suggests that while inequality in some forms may not have been reduced in recent years, what matters is the fact that global poverty has been reduced, and this has occurred because of the opportunities that globalization presents to developing countries. Not all states have necessarily taken advantage of these opportunities, but it is precisely in these states where rapid economic growth and poverty reduction have not occurred.

Ray Kiely Chapter Migrants and Refugees in Global Politics Abstract The movement of people has helped shape the trajectory of history for as long as human communities have existed. Ever since the first groups of modern humans left Africa to populate the world, population movements have brought with them prosperity and devastation, cultural enrichment and annihilation, cooperation and conflict.

Mass migration has contributed to the collapse of some great powers the migration of Visigoths, Vandals and other peoples contributing to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century and the rise of others the mass emigration of some 60 million Europeans to the US in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Add to this the record number of refugees, asylum seekers and other forced migrants fleeing a surge in political repression and wars, and it is safe to say that the movement of people will continue to be a salient feature of global politics throughout the twenty-first century.

Anne Hammerstad Chapter Social Movements in World Politics Abstract Social movements have played a central role in global political change, both historically and in recent decades.

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