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He was raised in a very poor family. His father, Apostol was a potter who earned just enough to feed his family, and he could not support Racin financially in his education. Campaigner in the Communist movement[ edit ] In he took part in KPJ , and in a short time, he positioned himself as one of the most-promising young members of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in Macedonia.
After returning to Yugoslavia he was arrested, but three months later he was freed because of insufficient evidence. In , the party organization in Macedonia collapsed. In the beginning of January , there was a break-in, and 15 leading Macedonian communists — together with Racin — were arrested.
Racin was given 4 years in prison at Sremska Mitrovica , but in December , he was given amnesty under a new law. Later he participated in the translation of the " Communist manifesto " into Macedonian. The surname "Racin" comes from the name of his loved one, Rahilka Firfova-Raca. Ascent and fall: "White Dawns" and expulsion from the party[ edit ] After he came out of jail, Racin started writing poems and songs intensively.
In he published his poem collection, entitled "White Dawns"  in Macedonian : Бели мугри. He also wrote and published some articles and works with themes from history, philosophy and literary critique.
All of this made him the most famous Macedonian thinker and philosopher in Yugoslavia at that time. However the glory and authority that he enjoyed at that time would collapse in , with a discord between him and the leadership of the KPJ in Macedonia. Its members were encouraged to boycott him.
The boycott lasted until , when the relationship between Racin and the party in Macedonia improved. After the capitulation of Yugoslavia, for a period, he worked in Sofia , where he lived with his compatriot Kole Nedelkovski , who shared his thinking.
In Skopje he was arrested by the Bulgarian police and interned in the village of Kornitsa. In the spring, he went to the Partisans , in the Korab detachment. He became an editor of the Partisan newspaper Ilindenski Pat. He also prepared two collections of Macedonian folklore songs. There are two theories about his death.
According to the second version, Racin was murdered. In the opinion of his contemporaries, Strahil Gigov politically isolated Racin and organized his murder. In his essay "The Development of Our New Literature", he argued that the most correct and plausible way to develop modern literature in Macedonia was to build it from the inexhaustible riches of Macedonian folklore, combined with progressive social views.
His most notable work was the small collection White Dawns Beli mugri , which was published in Zagreb in Poetry[ edit ] Racin started writing in The 31 cards are kept today in the Archive of Macedonia.
The songs are mainly written in Serbo-Croatian , except for six songs written in Bulgarian. From May until October , he published four poems in a Sarajevo journal. The next published poem was "To a Worker" Macedonian : До еден работник , which was his first poem in Macedonian. His greatest success came with the publication of the poetry collection White Dawns in The collection was printed in 4, copies and sold all over Yugoslavia and Pirin Macedonia , with great success.
In he participated in the open competition "Literatura" from Zagreb. He was awarded for his story "In the Quarry" У каменолому , which was later published in Kritika. In , the same review published fragments from his novel Opium in Macedonian translated as "Poppy", Афион.
Racin started writing this novel around , but the manuscript was lost during the break-in and his arrest. History[ edit ] Racin was interested in the historical theme of Bogomilism. From those three, only The country movement The work The Bogomils is written in Macedonian. Racin was the first Macedonian to study the Bogomil movement. His relations with Malina Popivanova also sparked his interest in socialist feminism, which he described as a struggle for fundamental human rights.
Пламенац and "The Realism of A. From the event has been Balkans -wide.
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