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His father Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque;  his mother Ashiamma was a housewife. Their business had involved trading groceries between the mainland and the island and to and from Sri Lanka , as well as ferrying pilgrims between the mainland and Pamban.
As a result, the family acquired the title of "Mara Kalam Iyakkivar" wooden boat steerers , which over the years became shortened to "Marakier. He spent hours on his studies, especially mathematics. Kalam met the deadline, impressing the Dean, who later said to him, "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline".
This was the time of learning and acquisition of knowledge for me. He started his career by designing a small hovercraft , but remained unconvinced by his choice of a job at DRDO. In the s, Kalam also directed two projects, Project Devil and Project Valiant , which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV programme.
Venkataraman on a proposal for simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking planned missiles one after another.
The Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period in which he played an intensive political and technological role. Kalam served as the Chief Project Coordinator, along with Rajagopala Chidambaram , during the testing phase.
He won the presidential election with an electoral vote of ,, surpassing the , votes won by Lakshmi Sahgal. His term lasted from 25 July to 25 July Everywhere both in Internet and in other media, I have been asked for a message. I was thinking what message I can give to the people of the country at this juncture. He said of his decision not to do so: Many, many citizens have also expressed the same wish.
It only reflects their love and affection for me and the aspiration of the people. I am really overwhelmed by this support. This being their wish, I respect it. I want to thank them for the trust they have in me. While climbing a flight of stairs, he experienced some discomfort, but was able to enter the auditorium after a brief rest.
IST , only five minutes into his lecture, he collapsed. Are you doing well? His body was received at the airport by the three service chiefs and national and state dignitaries, including cabinet ministers Manohar Parrikar , Venkaiah Naidu , Pon Radhakrishnan and the governors of Tamil Nadu and Meghalaya, K Rosaiah and V. Upon arriving at Rameswaram, his body was displayed in an open area in front of the local bus station to allow the public to pay their final respects until 8 p.
Over , people attended the last rites, including the Prime Minister, the governor of Tamil Nadu and the chief ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. He took India to great heights.
He showed the way. I worked very closely with Dr. Kalam as prime minister and I greatly benefited from his advice as president of our country. His life and work will be remembered for generations to come. Kiran Kumar called his former colleague "a great personality and a gentleman", while former chairman G.
Madhavan Nair described Kalam as "a global leader" for whom "the downtrodden and poor people were his priority. He always had a passion to convey what is in his mind to the young generation", adding that his death left a vacuum which none could fill.
Bangladesh Nationalist Party chief Khaleda Zia said "as a nuclear scientist, he engaged himself in the welfare of the people".
Ashraf Ghani , the President of Afghanistan , called Kalam "an inspirational figure to millions of people," noting that "we have a lot to learn from his life".
Kalam was a man of firm conviction and indomitable spirit, and I saw him as an outstanding statesman of the world. His death is an irreparable loss not only to India but to the entire world.
As a committed educator, he inspired millions of young people to achieve their very best. I join our Indo—Canadian families, friends, and neighbours in mourning the passing of this respected leader. APJ Abdul Kalam", and highlighted his achievements as a scientist and as a statesman, notably his role in strengthening US—India relations and increasing space co-operation between the two nations.
The UN joins the people of India in sending our deepest condolences for this great statesman. May he rest in peace and eternity", Ban wrote in his message. Acrylic paintings about his life are also displayed along with hundreds of portraits depicting the life of the mass leader. There is a statue of Kalam in the entrance showing him playing the Veena.
There are two other smaller statues of the leader in sitting and standing posture. As Kalam recalled: "Every evening, my father A. Jainulabdeen, an imam, Pakshi Lakshmana Sastry, the head priest of the Ramanathaswamy Hindu temple, and a church priest used to sit with hot tea and discuss the issues concerning the island. This was most strikingly evident in the second-to-last book he published, presciently titled Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swami ".
He is the ultimate stage of the spiritual ascent in my life Pramukh Swamiji has put me in a God-synchronous orbit. No manoeuvres are required any more, as I am placed in my final position in eternity.
These five areas are closely inter-related and if advanced in a coordinated way, will lead to food, economic and national security. Kalam describes a "transformative moment" in his life when he asked Pramukh Swami , the guru of the BAPS Swaminarayan Sampradaya , how India might realise this five-pronged vision of development.
He also supported open source technology over proprietary software , predicting that the use of free software on a large scale would bring the benefits of information technology to more people. Henceforth, I intend to share with them experiences, helping them to ignite their imagination and preparing them to work for a developed India for which the road map is already available.
The Tamil Nadu state government announced that his birthday, 15 October, would be observed across the state as "Youth Renaissance Day;" the state government further instituted the " Dr.
The award will be awarded annually on Independence Day, beginning in , to residents of the state with achievements in promoting scientific growth, the humanities or the welfare of students. Abdul Kalam. An agricultural college at Kishanganj, Bihar, was renamed the "Dr. The state government also announced it would name a proposed science city after Kalam. The first call for applicants was announced on Friday 12 March , for the fellowship which will enable up to 6 Indian PhD students and post-doctoral researchers to work with US host institutions for a period of 6—12 months.
DNB CET Review for Primary and Post Diploma 2nd Edition – Kalam Books [PDF]
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