He noted early on, that in African history some chiefs and traditional leaders had, of their own free will, participated in the sale of their subjects to slave traders. They had showed no care for the well-being of their own people, and gleefully focused on self-enrichment. They collaborated with foreign invaders to entrap African people and turn them into beasts of burden. They were invariably used as pacifiers to help get little or no resistance. This anomaly could replicate itself in the modern age if trusting Africans were not consciously aware of their history.

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The imagery he painted in some of his speeches depicted natural phenomena or nature, and the descriptive terms he used left indelible impressions on his audiences. I once described him as a wordsmith in one of my writings more than ten years ago.

There is no doubt, he said, that with the liquidation of Western imperialism and colonialism in Asia, the Capitalist market has shrunk considerably. As a result, Africa has become the happy hunting ground of adventuristic capital. Herrenvolkism is the theory of a master race which emanated from Germany. We do, however, admit the existence of observable physical differences between various groups of people, but these are the result of a number of factors, chief among which has been geographical isolation.

It is from this myth of race with its attendant claims of cultural superiority that the doctrine of white supremacy stems. According to Sobukwe, to achieve lasting peace in Africa and find solution to the economic, social, and political problems of the continent, a government must be based on a democratic principle.

This means that white supremacy, under whatever guise it manifests itself, must be destroyed. He said Europeans were responsible for the pernicious doctrine of white supremacy which has resulted in the humiliation and degradation of the indigenous African people. Sobukwe also spoke about the Indian foreign minority group who came to this country not as imperialists or colonialists, but as indentured labourers.

In the South African set-up of today, he said, this group is an oppressed minority. But there are some members of this group, the merchant class in particular, who have become tainted with the virus of cultural supremacy and national arrogance.

Sobukwe said the Africanists do not at all subscribe to the fashionable doctrine of South African exceptionalism. Further, multi-racialism is in fact a pandering to European bigotry and arrogance. It is a method of safeguarding white interests irrespective of population figures. In that sense it is a complete negation of democracy.

That to us is racialism multiplied, which is what the term truly connotes. However, the ANC just does not get it. They are faltering to this day as to how to combat white supremacy racism. It is worth imparting to the youth the knowledge that Sobukwe is condemning multi-racialism because the Freedom Charter ANC at some stage in their history espoused multi-racialism — which they no longer want to be associated with — and abandoned it surreptitiously and embraced non-racialism which was advocated by Sobukwe and the PAC.

Sobukwe was a Pan Africanist as can be attested in many statements he made in his inaugural address. Only in that way can we solve the immense problems that face the continent.

I wish to substantiate the abovementioned conclusion. MI6 was unable to open stations where the service felt they were needed. The second point is that this British spy agency says Pan Africanism could be discounted which clearly shows the West is against Pan Africanism and have frustrated efforts by well-meaning African leaders to unite the African continent under the banner of the United States of Africa.

Sobukwe was arrested in March after the anti-pass campaign that culminated in the shooting of unarmed civilians in Sharpeville and Langa.

Sobukwe never enjoyed freedom since that day in March until his death on February 27, When he died he was under South African government restriction. He could not travel abroad even on humanitarian grounds to seek medical treatment or employment abroad. In different places it takes different forms, but it is happening everywhere. But as we can see for ourselves, Macmillan was worried about this African national consciousness and wondered whether the uncommitted people of Asia and Africa will swing to the East or the West.

And the question is, what is our answer? Speaker and children of the soil, has been given by African leaders of the continent. Kwame Nkrumah has repeatedly stated that in international affairs, Africa wishes to pursue a policy of positive neutrality, allying herself to neither of the existing blocs but, in the words of Dr. What is this African personality? According to another great African thinker and Pan Africanist Dr.

Cheikh Anta Diop, African personality is a cultural identity which relates an individual to his people. Diop says there are three factors that go to make up the collective personality of a people. They are the historical factor, linguistic factor and psychological factor.

These factors, particularly the psychological aspects, go through constant change, while the linguistic and historic aspects provide coordination of relationships. He pointed out that the Blacks in the Diaspora have had the linguistic ties cut but the historic factor remains as strong as ever, perpetuated by memory.

The historic factor is the cultural cement which unites the disparate elements of a people to make a whole. Historical consciousness is the most solid rampart of the cultural security of a people. Historical continuity is the effective arm of a people against outside cultural aggression. A people without an historical consciousness is just a population. The loss of historical continuity can lead to stagnation and retrogression. This group has educated the African to accept the status quo of white supremacy and Black inferiority as normal…….

We are fighting for the noblest cause on earth, the liberation of mankind. They are fighting to entrench an outworn, anachronistic vile system of oppression. We represent progress. They represent decadence. We represent the fresh fragrance of flowers in bloom; they represent the rancid smell of decaying vegetation. We have the whole continent on our side. We have history on our side. We will win! There must be a national holiday on either the 27th February or 5th December in memory of this great leader.

By Sam Ditshego.


Robert Sobukwe Quotes & Sayings

He was the youngest of five boys and one girl. His father worked as a municipal labourer and a part-time woodcutter, his mother as a domestic worker and cook at a local hospital. Sobukwe was exposed to literature at an early age by his oldest brother. His earliest education was at a mission school in Graaf Reinet. After completing his schooling he received a bursary from the Department of Education and an additional loan from the Bantu Welfare Trust, which enabled him to enrol at Fort Hare University for tertiary education in His keen interest in literature continued and became more focused on poetry and drama.

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Robert Sobukwe Quotes

He was a strong believer in an Africanist future for South Africa and rejected any model suggesting working with anyone other than Africans, defining African as anyone who lives in and pays his allegiance to Africa and who is prepared to subject himself to African majority rule. He spoke of the need for black South Africans to "liberate themselves" without the help of non-Africans. He defined non-Africans as anyone who lives in Africa or abroad Africa and who does not pay his allegiance to Africa and who is not prepared to subject himself to African majority rule. His strong convictions and active resistance inspired many other individuals and organisations involved in the anti-apartheid movement, notably the Black Consciousness Movement. The organisation had been established on the university campus by Godfrey Pitje, who later became its president.





Remembering Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe: 7 Quotes


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